Mental Health, Emotional State and Coping Strategies: A Study of Orphans of Kashmir Valley

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Mental Health, Emotional State and Coping Strategies: A Study of Orphans of Kashmir Valley

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Title: Mental Health, Emotional State and Coping Strategies: A Study of Orphans of Kashmir Valley
Author: Hamid, Nidha (Scholar); Shah, Shawkat Ahmad (Guide)
Abstract: Mental health encapsulates the emotional well-being and behavioral repertoire of an individual. It likewise effects his other behavioural and cognitive function (his intelligence, autonomy, self concept and the way he copes with any taxing situation). Therefore this facet of an individual if neglected will lead him to a perplexed situation. The orphans comprise such individuals who are assumed to suffer from poor mental health due to their ineffective coping mechanism and less developed cognitive capacity to process trauma (Fivush,1998; Schneider,2000). According to Margoob, M.,(2006), orphanhood has a psychological impact on the child. The present study entitled as “Mental Health, emotional state and Coping Strategies: A study of orphans of Kashmir Valley”, was aimed to understand the Mental Health, emotional state and Coping Strategies used by the orphans of Kashmir. The available literature revealed that these variables have been studied individually on different populations. However, no such study was found in which all these variables have been taken together and especially on orphan population. The objectives of the study were to examines the level of mental health, emotional state and the different coping strategies used by orphans of Kashmir valley. Besides the other objectives were to examine the relation between mental health, coping strategies and emotional state of orphans of Kashmir valley. The study also aims to compare mental health, emotional state, and coping strategies between institutionalized and non institutionalized orphans and between single orphans and double orphans of Kashmir valley. A total of 200 orphans were selected for the study, in which 100 orphan children were selected from orphanages and the other 100 from different areas of Srinagar. The Mental health scale developed by Alpana Sen Gupta and Arun Kumar Singh (1983) was used to assess Mental health. Emotional state was assessed by Eight state questionnaire (ESQ) devised by Cattle (1983). Ways of coping questionnaire (WCQ) developed by Folkman and Lazarus (1986) was used for assessing their coping strategies. Apart from these tools a self developed personal data sheet was also used to collect certain personal information from the respondents which include information about their name, age, parentage, residence etc. Techniques used to analyse the data collected were central tendencies, standard deviation, Pearson’s product moment correlation and t-test. The results revealed that 54.5% of orphans show low level of mental health, and a small percent of orphans i.e., 23% show high level of overall mental health. Regarding the Emotional state of orphans the results revealed that 30.5% and 28% of orphaned children show high level of stress and depression respectively i.e., they felt a lot of pressure, were unable to take time off to relax and constantly on the go, the orphans were unhappy, pessimistic, in poor spirits, and disappointed. The results also showed that the orphans mostly used positive reappraisal coping strategy (mean score=11.92), followed by planful problem-solving (mean score=8.82). The correlation analysis of the study revealed though insignificant but negative correlation between Mental Health and six Coping strategies viz. Confrontive Coping (r=-.029), Distancing (r= .056), Self-Controlling (r=-.106), Seeking social support (r=-.056), Accepting Responsibility (r=-.049) and Planfull problem solving (r=-.019). However, the correlation coefficient was found insignificant but positive between Mental health and other two coping strategies viz. Escape Avoidance (r=.028) and Positive Reappraisal (r=.001). While comparing institutionalized and Noninstitutionalised orphans on Mental health dimensions, it was found that there is insignificant difference between Institutionalized and non-institutionalized orphans on all dimensions except on overall adjustment dimension, where institutionalized orphans were found having better overall adjustment than non institutionalized orphans. Results further revealed that Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized orphans differ significantly on various dimensions of emotional state viz. Anxiety,( t=2.555, , p ≤0.05), Stress ( t=2.234, p ≤ 0.05), Regression (t=4.073, p ≤ 0.05) and Extraversion (t=2.251, p ≤ 0.05). The results also showed Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized orphans differ significantly on Positive Reappraisal coping strategies (t=7.913, p≤0.01). Single and Double orphans showed significant difference on one of the dimensions of mental health i.e., Emotional Stability (t=2.486, p ≤ 0.01). However the difference between these two groups on emotional state and coping strategies was not found statistically significant. Poor Mental and Emotional well-being, less constructive and problem focused form of coping was found among the orphans in the present study. The results have been discussed thoroughly in the light of available studies. The investigator has also pointed out the limitations of the study and the suggestions for future research on such population.
URI: http://dspaces.uok.edu.in/jspui//handle/1/1421
Date: 2013


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